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What is Alopecia Areata?


Alopecia areata is a type of disease that makes our own body to attack its own hair follicles, the part from where the hair grows out from, and in turn this can cause hair loss throughout or anywhere on the body. The Alopecia Areata Treatment includes proper diagnosis and prolonged medications.

The first step of Alopecia Areata Treatment is detecting or diagnosing it correctly. This can involve multiple blood tests, scalp exams and of course multiple visit to a Alopecia doctor. At Dr Paul’s, a well known Alopecia Treatment Clinic, we host expert trichologist who can suggest the correct course of action to be taken and can help you in advancing with the right treatment.

Alopecia Treatment in Kolkata

What is the Major Causes of Alopecia Areata



  • Alopecia areata is believed to be caused by a severe abnormality within the immune system which gradually damages the hair follicles. This particular type of abnormality leads to what is termed as autoimmunity that can be defined as a misguided immune system which tends to attack a person’s own body. As a result of this disorder, the immune system starts to attack some particular tissues of the patient’s body. In this physiological disorder, for some unknown reasons, the patient’s own body's immune system malfunction’s and attacks the hair follicles which end up in disrupting the normal hair formation. Alopecia Treatment can be very tricky and thus one needs the guidance of a proper, well versed and well experienced Alopecia Areata Treatment Doctor to do the needful.
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alopecia symptoms treatment kolkata

What are the symptoms of Alopecia?



  • The most common sign of alopecia areata is one or more well and predefined spots demarking hair loss throughout the scalp.
  • If it is noticed that the alopecia occurs in an ophiasis pattern which is basically hair loss which is generally involving the temporal and even the posterior scalp, or if major chunky areas of the scalp are involved in the hair loss for long periods of time, then it can be assumed that the prognosis is going to be worse.
  • Hair begins to grow in a long formed bald spot but at the same time starts falling out in another particular area.
  • A much more generalized form of hair loss due to alopecia areata is usually referred to as “diffuse alopecia areata”. This is where there is a widespread and more dramatic thinning, which is noticeable, of the scalp hair.
  • Rarely, but the hair loss occurs during a much colder month.
  • Occasionally, or in very rare cases, the total of the scalp hair is completely lost, and this is a condition which is referred to as the alopecia totalis.
  • Even much less frequently, an extreme sever condition, where the loss of the entire hair follicles of the body takes place, which is called alopecia universalis.
  • Dr Paul's is one of the most trusted Alopecia Areata Treatment Clinics in Kolkata whose experienced doctors can help you to diagnosis your condition properly and help you with the right Alopecia treatment.

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Common Types of Alopecia



  • Alopecia Areata - Alopecia areata is a physiological condition that causes one’s hair to fall out on its own in small patches, which can be initially unnoticeable. This particular condition starts to develop when one’s immune system attacks his or her hair follicles, resulting in a severe hair loss.
  • Androgenetic Alopecia - Androgenetic alopecia is a very commonly seen form of hair loss which can be witnessed in both men and women. This is also termed as “pattern baldness”. In men, this type of hair fall is called male-pattern baldness. Hair is lost in a particular pattern, usually beginning above the temples. Amongst women, the hair starts to become thinner but the hairline generally does not recede.
  • Telogen Effluvium - Telogen is the common name for what we term as the resting stage of the body’s hair growth cycle. A telogen effluvium is a disorder in which some sort of stress causes the hair roots to be forcefully pushed prematurely into the telogen or resting phase. The disorder telogen effluvium can be either acute or even chronic.
  • Traction Alopecia - Traction alopecia is the disorder where hair loss is generally caused by tightly pulled tying of hair or hairstyles. If this is caught early, it can be fully reversible and the hair can grow back. However, if taken long to detect, the hair follicles can start to become severely damaged to the extent that the hair cannot grow back.
  • Cicatricial Alopecia - Cicatricial alopecia commonly refers to a much diverse group of very rare disorders which can destroy the hair follicles and replace it with certain scar tissues and, in due course of time, cause a permanent hair loss. In this hair loss can be gradual, totally without any symptoms, and can tend to go unnoticed for long periods of time.
common types of alopecia

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Recommended Treatment for Alopecia Areata



Dr Paul’s most experienced trichologists suggest that you get to know the root of your Alopecia areata problem before you opt for any hair loss treatments. There are various solutions like Meso Therapy, PRP Treatment, Platelet implementation, hair transplant etc. Hair Transplant services include FUT, FUE and Stem Cell Therapy. We, at Dr. Paul’s, focus on FUE technique. For any query, consult our Hair Expert at -

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